Updated: Aug 28, 2019
We all know young children are easily engaged and fascinated by nature. A butterfly fluttering in the breeze is truly amazing, a dragonfly nymph is a captivating discovery and a highway of ants carrying leaves is simply spellbinding!
However, a new study has identified the point that children fall out of love with nature. Researchers from the University of Derby, in partnership with the University of Exeter, Natural England, Historic England, the National Trust, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and The Wildlife Trusts found that young people’s connection to nature drops sharply from the age of 11 and doesn’t recover until they are 30. And this has wide-reaching implications for their engagement with pro-environmental behaviours like recycling or buying eco-friendly products.
“The critical global issues of climate change and biodiversity loss suggest a failing relationship between people and the rest of nature. There is growing interest in understanding and improving people’s connection to nature, and a need for a new and sustainable relationship that benefits the natural world as well as human wellbeing." Miles Richardson, Professor of Human Factors and Nature Connectedness
The study, led by Miles Richardson, Professor of Human Factors and Nature Connectedness at the University, analysed survey responses from almost 4,000 adults and children. Participants rated the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with the following statements, to determine their level of nature connectedness:
I always find beauty in nature
I always treat nature with respect
Being in nature makes me very happy
Spending time in nature is very important to me
I find being in nature really amazing
I feel part of nature
Researchers developed the innovative Nature Connectedness Index (NCI), running from zero to a maximum score of 100. The data revealed some key insights:
The average level of nature connectedness across the population was 61.
There is a sharp dip in people’s connection with nature from 11 years old, with a slow recovery by around 30.
Females scored significantly higher than males – 64.21 compared to 57.96.
Those who strongly agreed with the statement “I am concerned about damage to the natural environment” scored a mean NCI of 76.
Those with the maximum NCI score of 100 were significantly happier, more satisfied with life and less anxious than those scoring below the maximum.
The research also provided insight into how strong nature connectedness needs to be to deliver the pro-environmental benefits required for a sustainable future. The most straightforward behaviour, recycling, was associated with an NCI of 63, just above the population average, whereas the NCI of the 5% of people who gave up their time to volunteer to help the environment was 76.
Professor Richardson explains: “There are a number of possible reasons for teenagers’ dip in nature connectedness. Adolescence sees the move from primary to secondary school and is a time of many developmental changes, including the emotional regulation required for successful social relationships and the development of self-identity. Previous studies have shown that greater interest in the self, such as through 'selfie taking', is linked to lower nature connectedness. It may be that during this time of change, one’s connection with nature loses relevance and importance.
“The critical global issues of climate change and biodiversity loss suggest a failing relationship between people and the rest of nature. There is growing interest in understanding and improving people’s connection to nature, and a need for a new and sustainable relationship that benefits the natura